Espeletia incana Cuatrec.

First published in Revista Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 3: 435 (1940)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Colombia (Boyacá, Santander). It is a subshrub or shrub and grows primarily in the montane tropical biome. It is used as an ornamental plant and a medicine and has environmental uses.

Descriptions

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 2900–3900 m a.s.l. Endemic to Colombia. Colombian departments: Boyacá, Santander.
Habit
Herb, Shrub.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): VU B1ab(iii). National Red List of Colombia (2021): VU B1ab(iii).
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, native grassland, artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
frailejón
[UNAL]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Distribution
Endemic from Colombia.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Alt. 2900 - 3900 m.
Conservation
Vulnerable.
[UPB]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Endémica y nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2900 - 3900 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, arbusto
Conservation
Vulnerable
[CPLC]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/134494834/134650405

Conservation
VU - vulnerable
[IUCN]

Uses

Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
[UPFC]

Use Environmental Ornamentals
Leaves - Ornamental (Galvis & Morales 2010).
Use Materials Gums Resins
Exudates - Resin used as incense (Galvis & Morales 2010).
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Medicines Muscular-Skeletal System Disorders
Used in folk medicine (Galvis & Morales 2010).
Use Medicines Pain
Used in medicines to alleviate pain (Galvis & Morales 2010).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).
[UPB]

Common Names

Spanish
Frailejón blanco.

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/