Espeletia incana Cuatrec.

First published in Revista Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 3: 435 (1940)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Colombia (Boyacá, Santander). It is a subshrub or shrub and grows primarily in the montane tropical biome. It is used as an ornamental plant and a medicine and has environmental uses.


Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 2900–3900 m a.s.l. Endemic to Colombia. Colombian departments: Boyacá, Santander.
Herb, Shrub.
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): VU B1ab(iii). National Red List of Colombia (2021): VU B1ab(iii).
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, native grassland, artificial - terrestrial.

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia.


Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E.

Predicted extinction risk: threatened. Confidence: confident

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Endemic from Colombia.
Morphology General Habit
Alt. 2900 - 3900 m.

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.

Endémica y nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2900 - 3900 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, arbusto

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

VU - vulnerable


Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Use Environmental Ornamentals
Leaves - Ornamental (Galvis & Morales 2010).
Use Materials Gums Resins
Exudates - Resin used as incense (Galvis & Morales 2010).
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Medicines Muscular-Skeletal System Disorders
Used in folk medicine (Galvis & Morales 2010).
Use Medicines Pain
Used in medicines to alleviate pain (Galvis & Morales 2010).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).

Common Names

Frailejón blanco.


  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database