Silybum Adans.

First published in Fam. Pl. 2: 116, 605 (1763), nom. cons.
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Medit. to Central Asia and India, Macaronesia to Arabian Peninsula.


Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kriti, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alberta, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, California, Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Ecuador, Falkland Is., Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Hainan, Hungary, Illinois, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Ireland, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Korea, Krym, Lesser Sunda Is., Louisiana, Malaya, Manchuria, Maryland, Mexico Southeast, Michigan, Mississippi, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Primorye, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Romania, Saskatchewan, South Australia, South European Russi, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Ukraine, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Xinjiang


Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Flora of Iraq

  • Adans. Fam. Fl. 116 (1763)
  • C. C. Townsend (2019). Flora of Iraq, Volume 6: Compositae. Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. & Hind, D. J. N. (Eds). Kew Publishing
  • Susanna & Garcia-Jacas in Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 8: 133 [2006] (2007)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Fam. Pl. 2: 116 (1763)
  • K. Bremer, Asteraceae Clad. & Class.: 148 (1994), nom. conserv.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Lowne, B.T. [868] United Kingdom K002006605 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002006606 No
Townsend, C.C. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002006601 No


  • Flora of Iraq

    • Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. (Eds). (2013-2019). Flora of Iraq, Volumes 5.1, 5.2 and 6.0. Kew Publishing
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.