Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. & Subtropical Eurasia, N. Africa to Tropical African Mountains.

[FZ]

Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Perennial or annual herbs.
Morphology Stem
Stems erect, simple, or branched above, usually spiny-winged.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually decurrent on the stem, pinnatifid in the Flora Zambesiaca area (or undivided and serrate, or sinuate-dentate to 2-pinnatisect), spinescent at the margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula homogamous, discoid, in dense terminal clusters, sometimes solitary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Involucre globose or campanulate, glabrous to densely araneose; phyllaries imbricate in many series, ± deflexed in the upper part, coriaceous or scarious, narrowly lanceolate and spine-tipped, margins entire scabrous or ± ciliate (serrate or fimbriate).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle flat or convex, pitted, densely setose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets hermaphrodite; corollas purple, pink or white, deeply 5-lobed (sometimes ± 2-lipped); anther bases sagittate, adjacent auricles connate and produced into an entire or lacerated tail; style shortly and obtusely 2-lobed, abruptly thickened below the fork with a ring of hairs below the thickening.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes glabrous, ovate-oblong, somewhat angled with a raised annular collar at the apex, attachment-scar basal and oblique or ± horizontal; pappus many-seriate of scabrid setae united at the base.

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs
Morphology Stem
Stems spiny-winged
Morphology Leaves
Leaves dentate-pinnatisect, spiny
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula solitary, corymbose or variously clustered, often subtended by reduced, bract-like leaves; phyllaries multiseriate, the outermost shorter than the inner
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets sometimes with corolla slightly zygomorphic through one deeply split-off lobe; anther filaments pilose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes smooth, glabrous, with an apical rim; pappus of deciduous scabrid or barbellate bristles, basally connate in a ring.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cameroon, Canary Is., Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Malawi, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, Nigeria, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alberta, Arizona, Arkansas, Bolivia, British Columbia, California, Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Colorado, District of Columbia, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, KwaZulu-Natal, Louisiana, Manitoba, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Uruguay, Utah, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Carduus L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Brummitt, R.K. [15274], Canary Is. K001091173
Rico, L. [1743], Armenia K000297258
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], India K001132378

First published in Sp. Pl.: 820 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 3: 433.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bull. 22: 123 (1968).
  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 358 (1754).
  • Kazmi in Mitt. Bot. Staatss. Münch. 5: 139–198 (1963)
  • Kazmi in Mitt. Bot. Staatss. Münch. 5: 279–550 (1964).
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 820 (1753)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C. Jeffrey in K.B. 22: 123 (1968)
  • K. Bremer, Asteraceae Clad. & Class.: 143 (1994)
  • Kazmi in Mitt. Bot. Staats. München 5: 296 (1964)
  • R.E. Fr. in Acta Horti Berg. 8: 11–44 (1923)
  • Sp. Pl.: 820 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/