Encyclia Hook.

First published in Bot. Mag. 55: t. 2831 (1828)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Florida, Mexico to Tropical America.

Descriptions

George R. Proctor (2012). Flora of the Cayman Isands (Second Edition). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Morphology General Habit
Epiphytes or epiliths most of which have pyriform pseudobulbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves articulate, 1–several from the apex of the pseudobulb, conduplicate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a terminal raceme or panicle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers mostly resupinate, often showy; sepals and petals free, subsimilar, spreading; lip simple or trilobed, attached to the column near its base or rarely free. Column semiterete
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anther terminal, operculate, clinandrium lobed; pollinia 4, hard, waxy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma entire, rostellum transverse, viscidium absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules ellipsoidal or fusiform.
Distribution
A neotropical genus of about 140 species.
Etymology
The generic name refers to the labellum, which encloses the column.
[Cayman]

Sources

  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0