Passiflora L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 955 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is New World, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to SW. Pacific.


Native to:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Chile North, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Jamaica, Jawa, Kansas, Kentucky, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Louisiana, Malaya, Maluku, Maryland, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Samoa, Solomon Is., South Carolina, Southwest Caribbean, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, West Virginia, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Albania, Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Ascension, Azores, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, Chile Central, Chile South, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hawaii, India, Italy, Ivory Coast, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Line Is., Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Maldives, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Nauru, New Jersey, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Palestine, Pitcairn Is., Rodrigues, Réunion, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Somalia, South China Sea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Wake I., Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe


Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Jørgensen, P.M. & Vásquez, R. (2009). A revision of Passiflora sections Insignes and ×Inkea (Passifloraceae). Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 66: 35-53.
  • Porter-Utley, K. (2014). A revision of Passiflora L. subgenus Decaloba (DC.) Rchb. supersection Cieca (Medik.) J.M.MacDougal & Feuillet (Passifloraceae). PhytoKeys 43: 1-224.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. Pl. 1: 810.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 410 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 955 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Harms in E. & P. Pf., ed. 2, 21 : 495 (1925)
  • Killip in Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Chicago, Bot. 19 : 1–613 (1938)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5 : 410 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl. : 955 (1753)
  • de Wilde in Fl. Males., ser. 1, 7 : 407 (1972)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2018 Vanderplank, R.J.R. [2433/18] K000994463 Holotype Yes
Jan 1, 2008 Lowe, J. [4178] Brazil K000323783 Yes
Jan 1, 2008 Rios, Jose [1971] Peru K000323787 No
Jan 1, 2008 Bernardi [10817] Venezuela K000323788 No
Oct 23, 2007 Wood, J.R.I. [21332] Bolivia K000323686 No
Oct 23, 2007 Wood, J.R.I. [9967] Bolivia K000323688 No
Oct 23, 2007 Wood, J.R.I. [20580] Bolivia K000323685 No
Oct 23, 2007 Wood, J.R.I. [18059] Bolivia K000323687 No
Sep 5, 2007 Streimann, H.; Kairo, A. [NGF 44552] K000463718 No
Sep 5, 2007 s.coll. [855] Papua New Guinea K000463719 No
Sep 5, 2007 Katik, P.; Taho, K. [NGF 37938] K000463720 No
Sep 5, 2007 Parnell; Pendry; Jebb; Pooma [95-178] Thailand K000463723 No
Jul 6, 2006 Wallich [1230] Nepal K000323062 Holotype Yes
Jul 11, 2000 de Wilde et al. [SAN 141931] Malaysia K000517449 No
Jan 1, 1987 s.c. [s.n.] K000994405 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jan 1, 1987 s.c. [s.n.] K000994406 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jan 1, 1986 Spruce, R. [s.n.] K000395169 Yes
Jan 1, 1986 Andre, E. [4066] Ecuador K000323357 Holotype Yes
Jan 1, 1985 Spruce, R. [911 (4)] Brazil K000036551 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1985 Spruce, R. [s.n.] Brazil K000036550 Type Yes
Jun 26, 1984 Andrews Jamaica K000102049 No
Aug 29, 1979 Harley, R.M. [17976] Brazil K:SPC-72696.000 No
Turckheim, H., von [1425] Guatemala K000323137 Holotype Yes
De Jong, W. [9] Peru K001890162 No
Schipp, W.A. [1304] Belize K000323271 Type Yes
K:SPC-73408.000 No
Monro, A.K. & Santamaría, D. [8248] Costa Rica K001567572 Yes
Schlim, L. [1142] Colombia K000994465 Syntype Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1233] Malaysia K001112460 Unknown Type Material Yes
K:SPC-16126.000 No
Glaziou, A.F.M. [20333] Brazil K000323290 Type Yes
De Jong, W. [95] Peru K001890152 No
Salzmann Brazil K000018299 Type Yes
Williams, R.S. [432] Bolivia K000036543 Isotype Yes
K:SPC-29047.085 No
Lewis, G.P.; Pearson, H.P.N. [1119] Brazil K:SPC-54508.000 No
Redden, K.M.; Wurdack, K.J.; Perry, C.; Zimmerman, E.; Hunter, D.; Hunter, T. [6452] Guyana K001577311 Yes
Lugo S., H. [2361] Ecuador K001767731 No
Andre [3478] Colombia K000323369 Type Yes
Schlim, L. [693] Colombia K000323432 Isotype Yes
Erskine, C. Brazil K:SPC-34125.000 No
Vanderplank, R.J.R.; Laurens, C. French Guiana K000323305 Isotype Yes
Vanderplank, R.J.R.; Laurens, C. French Guiana K000323304 Isotype Yes
Lewis, G. [844] Brazil K:SPC-60570.007 No
Herrera, Gerardo [6595] Costa Rica K001567580 Yes
Monro, A.K. & Santamaría, D. [8230] Costa Rica K001567566 Yes
hn, W.; Grifo, F. [5005] Guyana K001516916 Yes
hn, W.; Grifo, F. [5005] Guyana K001516917 Yes
Rodríguez, A. [7549] Costa Rica K001600784 Yes
Spruce, R. [4052] K000395161 Yes
Wood, J.R.I. [10286] Bolivia K000323684 No
Sugden, A.M. [507] Panama K:SPC-55800.000 No
Brazil K000323287 Type Yes
Colombia K:SPC-44852.000 No
Jorgensen, P.M. [61637] Ecuador K000323480 Type Yes
MacFadyen [s.n.] Jamaica K000102046 Type Yes
Johns, R.J. [10496] K:SPC-70635.000 No
Miers, J. [4457] Brazil K001185113 Yes
McFadyen Jamaica K000102045 Yes
Brazil K:SPC-40756.000 No
Vanderplank, J.; Boender, R. [1246] K001070522 Type Yes
Gardner, G. [3140] Brazil K001185112 Yes
Ollerton, J.; Gopaul, D.; Cranmer, L.; Henderson, B.; Kellie, S. [113] Guyana K:SPC-76078.000 No
McWhirter, J. [222] Madagascar K:SPC-31891.000 No
Peru K:SPC-44892.000 No
Australia K:SPC-45629.000 No
McFadyen [s.n.] Jamaica K000102047 Type Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1232] Singapore K001112459 Unknown Type Material Yes
Guyana K:SPC-16612.000 No
Peru K:SPC-44430.000 No
Venezuela K:SPC-73689.000 No
Brazil K000323288 Unknown Type Material Yes
Spruce, R. [4052] K000395160 Yes
Hartweg [1021] Colombia K000323370 Holotype Yes
Brazil K:SPC-65806.000 No
Lockhart ? [369] Trinidad and Tobago K000351341 Unknown Type Material Yes
Glocker [7/355] Brazil K000018426 Unknown Type Material Yes
Salzmann [s.n] Brazil K000018298 Type Yes
Peru K:SPC-46028.000 No
Harley, R.M. [22078] Brazil K:SPC-72705.000 No
Gardner [427] Brazil K000323328 Isotype Yes
Gardner [426] Brazil K000323294 Holotype Yes
Gardner [426] Brazil K000323295 Type Yes
Mathias, M.E.; Taylor, D. [3982] Peru K000994150 Yes
Spruce, R. [3472] K000395159 Yes
Raoul [s.n.] New Zealand Tetrapathaea K000323120 Isotype Yes
Raoul [s.n.] New Zealand Tetrapathaea K000323119 Type Yes


  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China

    • The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Neotropikey

    • Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.