Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Iran and NE. Somalia.
Copper engraving of Cyclamen, Hortus Eystettensis, Basilius Besler

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs from tuberous rootstock
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, glabrous; blades heart-shaped to kidney-shaped or almost circular, entire or toothed, lobed or angled
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers regular, solitary, nodding, the stalk often coiling spirally in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx deeply 5-lobed, persistent in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pink, purple or white; lobes 5, united near base, twisted in bud but strongly reflexed in flower
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers connivent and forming a cone
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary superior, several-ovulate; style slender; stigma truncate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule globose, splitting irregularly into 5–7 recurved valves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds sticky.
Distribution
Genus of 20 species from parts of Europe, western Asia and North Africa, and with a single species in Somalia.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Austria, Baleares, Bulgaria, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, North Caucasus, Palestine, Poland, Sardegna, Sicilia, Somalia, South European Russi, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Belgium, Great Britain, Ireland, Oregon, Romania, Ukraine

Cyclamen L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Turrill, W.B., Greece 17839.000
Grant, J., Greece 23660.000
Davis, P.H. [26092], Turkey 32271.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 145 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Grey-Wilson, The genus Cyclamen (1988).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/