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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Epiphytic or rarely lithophytic herbs with short to long, erect or pendent stems, covered by distichous leaf-bases; roots emerging all along stem, elongate, branching
Morphology Leaves
Leaves distichous, coriaceous or fleshy, flat or conduplicate, much longer than broad, unequally bilobed at apex, articulated at base to a sheathing base, decidous, leaving obvious sharp edges of leaf-bases free
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1–several, usually shorter than the leaves, few–many-flowered, axillary in upper part of stem; peduncle short, often covered by sterile sheathing bracts; bracts usually large
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers stellate, sweetly scented, white, sometimes with a greenish, pinkish or brownish spur
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals subsimilar, free, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, usually recurved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip similar, entire or very obscurely 3-lobed, ecallose, with a long tapering spur at the base; spur sigmoid or slightly incurved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column short, fleshy; rostellum 3-lobed, pendent, outer lobes much longer than the mid-lobe, often papillate towards apex; pollinia 2; stipites 2, oblanceolate; viscidium either hyaline or comprising an indurated saddle-shaped upper part and a hyaline lower part; anther-cap elongated at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a 3–6-winged capsule.

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix & P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:2. 1998

Morphology General Habit
Epiphytic or lithophytic herbs.
Morphology Stem
Stems long or short, erect or pendent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves distichous, fleshy or coriaceous, flat or conduplicate, unequally and obtusely 2-lobed at the apex, articulated to a persistent sheathing base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1 to several, few- to many-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts usually large.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers stellate, white, sometimes with a greenish, pinkish or brownish spur.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals and petals free, subsimilar, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, usually recurved towards the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip similar to sepals and petals, entire, ecallose, spurred at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column short, fleshy; rostellum pendent, 3-lobed with the outer lobes much longer than the mid-lobe, often papillate towards apex; pollinia 2; stipites 2, oblanceolate; viscidium either hyaline or bipartite, with an indurated, saddle-shaped upper part and a hyaline lower part; anther cap elongated at apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit with 3 or 6 wings.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Cyrtorchis Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Kenya 30845.000
Morze, G. [128], Mozambique 31729.000
Morze, G. [114], South Africa 31739.000
Monze, G. [23], Zambia 31753.000
Williamson, G. [617], Zambia 33883.000
Williamson, G. [782], Zambia 33992.000
Williamson, G. [690], Zambia 34090.000
Williamson, G. [722], Zambia 34102.000
Sandford [5244], Cameroon 34795.000
Johnston-Stewart, N. [27], Malawi 45146.000
Spurrier, M., Malawi 52527.000
la Croix, I. [1172], Congo 61629.000
Biteau, P. [X vii], Gabon 71593.000
Cheek, M. [7416], Cameroon 72132.000
Etuge, M. [2255], Cameroon 76145.000
Nemba, J. [942], Cameroon K000107368

First published in Orchideen Beschreib. Kult. Zücht.: 596 (1914)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2014). Genera Orchidacearum 6: 1-544. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Die Orchid. 595 (1914).

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Die Orchideen: 595 (1914)
  • Summerhayes in Kew Bull. 14: 143–156 (1960).
  • in Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 36, abt. 2: 127–133 (1918).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Die Orchideen: 595 (1914)
  • Summerh. in K.B. 14: 143–156 (1960)
  • in Beih. Bot. Centr. 36: 127–133 (1918)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0