Passiflora edulis Sims

First published in Bot. Mag. 45: t. 1989 (1818)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Brazil to NE. Argentina. It is a liana and grows primarly in the wet tropical biome(s). It is used as animal food, a poison, a medicine and invertebrate food, has environmental uses and for food.

Descriptions

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Pacific. Elevation range: 0–2000 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Cauca, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Guaviare, La Guajira, Quindío, Santander, Sucre, Valle del Cauca, Vichada.
Habit
Climbing.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Curubo, Maracuyá, Maracuyá de monte, Maracuyá silvestre, Pachita amarilla, Pasiflora
[UPFC]

Passifloraceae, R. and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Large herbaceous, glabrous (except ovary) perennial climber, up to 15 m.
Morphology Stem
Stems ± terete, striate; internodes up to 9 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina up to 13 × 15 cm., 3-lobed to below the middle of the lamina, the lobes 2–4 cm. wide, acute or acuminate, rarely subobtuse, serrate, rounded or shallowly cordate at base, subcoriaceous, pale green or yellow-green, glossy above, paler and not glossy beneath; petiole up to 4 cm. long, with 2 glands at the apex, the glands sessile or shortly stipitate; stipules c. 10 × 1 mm., linear-subulate, entire or minutely glandular-serrulate.
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils c. 10 cm. long, stout, simple.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles up to 6 cm. long, stout.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts 2–2·5 × 1–1·5 cm., ovate, obtuse or acute at the apex, serrate, pectinate or almost lacerate, often glandular at margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, up to 7 cm. in diam.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 3–3·5 × 1 cm., oblong, horned, green outside, white inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 2·5–3 × 0·5–0·7 cm., oblong, obtuse, white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona with the filaments in 4 or 5 rows, those of the 2 outer ones 1·5–2·5 cm. long, filiform or narrowly liguliform, crispate towards the apex, white, purple at base, those of the other rows 2–2·5 mm. long, linear or dentiform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Operculum
Operculum membranous, incurved, entire or shortly fimbriate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Limen
Limen cupuliform, entire or crenulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ovoid or globose, sericeo-tomentose or glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 4–5 cm. in diameter, ovoid or globose, yellow, greenish-yellow or purplish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 5–6 times; 3–4 mm., ovoid, minutely reticulate.
[FZ]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2000 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Trepadora
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Climber to 15 m, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves deeply 3-lobed, 5–11 cm long; stipules lanceolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1-flowered, pedunculate, with ovate bracts and bracteoles forming an involucre
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 4–7 cm in diam., white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona of several series of threads
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit globose to ellipsoid, berry-like with leathery pericarp, yellow or purple.
Distribution
In Somalia at least in S2 frequently cultivated in all tropical regions
Note
There may be more than one cultivated species of Passiflora in Somalia, but specimens are not available.
[FSOM]

Passifloraceae, W. J. J. O. de Wildem (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

Morphology General Habit
Climber to ± 15 m., perennial, glabrous throughout (except ovary); stem sometimes ± angular.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades 3-lobed up to three-fourths, rarely unlobed, suborbicular to broadly ovate in outline, 5–11 by 6–12 cm., base acute to cordate, 3-nerved from base, subcoriaceous; lobes elliptic to oblong, up to 8 cm., top acute, shortly acuminate; margin serrate; petiole 1–4 cm.
Morphology General Glands
Glands on petiole 2, wart-like, at transition to or up to 0.5 cm. below the blade; blade-glands absent.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules lanceolate-linear, ± 1 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1-flowered, the straight peduncle (pedicel) 3–6 cm., inserted beside a simple tendril 5–20 cm.; bracts and bracteoles ovate, acute, 1.5–2 cm., glandular-serrate, forming an involucre.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 4–7 cm. in diameter, white, corona threads purplish towards base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium cup-shaped, ± 1 by 1–1.5 cm.; sepals oblong, 2–3 cm., corniculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals oblong, 1–2.5 cm., obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona composed of several series of threads, the outer 2 series 0.5–2.5 cm., the inner ones much shorter; operculum membranous, incurved, crenulate-fimbriate; disk (limen) cupuliform, entire or crenulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androgynophore
Androgynophore 6–8 mm., thickened towards base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments subsubulate, 6–8 mm.; anthers 8–10 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary subglobose to ellipsoid, 3–5 mm., glabrous or shortly pubescent; styles 10–12 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit berry-like, with coriaceous-leathery pericarp, globose to ellipsoid, excluding the 0.5–1.5 cm. long gynophore 4–5 cm. in diameter, glabrous, yellow or purplish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many, ellipsoid, 5–6 mm.
Habitat
Often cultivated for the flavoured fruit and escaped in forest edges, thickets and disturbed places; 0–2500 m.
Distribution
K4 T2 T3 T6 T7 U4 widely cultivated
[FTEA]

Uses

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Invertebrate Food
Used as invertebrate food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
[UPFC]

Use
Edible fruits.
[FSOM]

Common Names

English
Passion Fruit

Sources

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0