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This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil to NE. Argentina.

[FZ]

Passifloraceae, R. and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Large herbaceous, glabrous (except ovary) perennial climber, up to 15 m.
Morphology Stem
Stems ± terete, striate; internodes up to 9 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina up to 13 × 15 cm., 3-lobed to below the middle of the lamina, the lobes 2–4 cm. wide, acute or acuminate, rarely subobtuse, serrate, rounded or shallowly cordate at base, subcoriaceous, pale green or yellow-green, glossy above, paler and not glossy beneath; petiole up to 4 cm. long, with 2 glands at the apex, the glands sessile or shortly stipitate; stipules c. 10 × 1 mm., linear-subulate, entire or minutely glandular-serrulate.
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils c. 10 cm. long, stout, simple.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles up to 6 cm. long, stout.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts 2–2·5 × 1–1·5 cm., ovate, obtuse or acute at the apex, serrate, pectinate or almost lacerate, often glandular at margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, up to 7 cm. in diam.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 3–3·5 × 1 cm., oblong, horned, green outside, white inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 2·5–3 × 0·5–0·7 cm., oblong, obtuse, white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona with the filaments in 4 or 5 rows, those of the 2 outer ones 1·5–2·5 cm. long, filiform or narrowly liguliform, crispate towards the apex, white, purple at base, those of the other rows 2–2·5 mm. long, linear or dentiform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Operculum
Operculum membranous, incurved, entire or shortly fimbriate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Limen
Limen cupuliform, entire or crenulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ovoid or globose, sericeo-tomentose or glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 4–5 cm. in diameter, ovoid or globose, yellow, greenish-yellow or purplish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 5–6 times; 3–4 mm., ovoid, minutely reticulate.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2000 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Trepadora
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Climber to 15 m, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves deeply 3-lobed, 5–11 cm long; stipules lanceolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1-flowered, pedunculate, with ovate bracts and bracteoles forming an involucre
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 4–7 cm in diam., white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona of several series of threads
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit globose to ellipsoid, berry-like with leathery pericarp, yellow or purple.
Distribution
In Somalia at least in S2 frequently cultivated in all tropical regions
Note
There may be more than one cultivated species of Passiflora in Somalia, but specimens are not available.

[FTEA]

Passifloraceae, W. J. J. O. de Wildem (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

Morphology General Habit
Climber to ± 15 m., perennial, glabrous throughout (except ovary); stem sometimes ± angular.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades 3-lobed up to three-fourths, rarely unlobed, suborbicular to broadly ovate in outline, 5–11 by 6–12 cm., base acute to cordate, 3-nerved from base, subcoriaceous; lobes elliptic to oblong, up to 8 cm., top acute, shortly acuminate; margin serrate; petiole 1–4 cm.
Morphology General Glands
Glands on petiole 2, wart-like, at transition to or up to 0.5 cm. below the blade; blade-glands absent.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules lanceolate-linear, ± 1 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1-flowered, the straight peduncle (pedicel) 3–6 cm., inserted beside a simple tendril 5–20 cm.; bracts and bracteoles ovate, acute, 1.5–2 cm., glandular-serrate, forming an involucre.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 4–7 cm. in diameter, white, corona threads purplish towards base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium cup-shaped, ± 1 by 1–1.5 cm.; sepals oblong, 2–3 cm., corniculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals oblong, 1–2.5 cm., obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona composed of several series of threads, the outer 2 series 0.5–2.5 cm., the inner ones much shorter; operculum membranous, incurved, crenulate-fimbriate; disk (limen) cupuliform, entire or crenulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androgynophore
Androgynophore 6–8 mm., thickened towards base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments subsubulate, 6–8 mm.; anthers 8–10 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary subglobose to ellipsoid, 3–5 mm., glabrous or shortly pubescent; styles 10–12 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit berry-like, with coriaceous-leathery pericarp, globose to ellipsoid, excluding the 0.5–1.5 cm. long gynophore 4–5 cm. in diameter, glabrous, yellow or purplish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many, ellipsoid, 5–6 mm.
Habitat
Often cultivated for the flavoured fruit and escaped in forest edges, thickets and disturbed places; 0–2500 m.
Distribution
K4 T2 T3 T6 T7 U4 widely cultivated

[FSOM]
Use
Edible fruits.

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Paraguay

Introduced into:

Angola, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Honduras, India, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Malawi, Malaya, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Mozambique, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Passiflora edulis Sims appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13533], Cameroon K000518720
Jul 1, 2008 Madulid et al. [PPI 930], Philippines K000517448
Sep 5, 2007 Christensen [132], Sarawak K000463714
Apr 22, 2004 Gaerlan et al. [19968], Philippines K000270004
Nov 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [4708], Cameroon K000746429
Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [2334], Cameroon K000338134
Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [2334], Cameroon K000338135
Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [2334], Cameroon K000338133
Jul 1, 1999 Pollard, B.J. [49], Cameroon K000338136
Jul 1, 1999 Pollard, B.J. [49], Cameroon K000338137
Aug 1, 1979 Harley, R.M. [18373], Bahia K000018375
Jan 1, 1976 Harley, R.M. [17428], Bahia K000018358
Gardner [1313A], Alagoas K000018357
Gardner [1313], Alagoas K000018356
29047.195
Lepschi, B.J. [1012], Australia 62951.000
Ujor, E.U. [FHI 30044], Cameroon K000050365
Benson, W. [10840], Brazil K001238045
Lobb [47], Brazil K001238059
Glaziou, A.F.M. [17013], Brazil K001238054
Dusén, P. [s.n.], Brazil K001238053
Smith, L.B. [1402], Brazil K001238070
Pohl [919], Brazil K001238058
s.coll. [s.n.] K001238060
s.coll. [s.n.] K001238057
Hind, D.J.N. [63], Brazil K001238052
Usteri, A. [9], Brazil K001238055
Reitz, R. [5175], Brazil K001238067
Sena, T.S.N. [3], Brazil K001238056
Irwin, H.S. [21441], Brazil K001238047
Arbo, M.M. [5250], Brazil K001238050
Harris, T. [201], Mozambique K000613276
Burchell, W.J. [2682], Brazil K001238065
Sandeman, C. [2022], Brazil K001238062
Sobral, M. [4162], Brazil K001238046
Philcox, D. [4866], Brazil K001238069
Irwin, H.S. [5299], Brazil K001238063
Mexia, Y. [4173], Brazil K001238066
s.coll. [919], Brazil K001238061
Lindeman, C.A.M. [325], Brazil K001238048
Hind, D.J.N. [63], Brazil K001238051
Pereira, B.A.S. [900], Brazil K001238049
Burchell, W.J. [3226-2], Brazil K001238064
Reitz [7022], Brazil K001238068

First published in Bot. Mag. 45: t. 1989 (1818)

Accepted by

  • (1982). Flora of Australia 8: 1-420. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Araújo, D. & Alves, M. (2010). Climbing plants of a fragmented area of lowland Atlantic forest, Igarassu, Pernambuco (northeastern Brazil) Phytotaxa 8: 1-24.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Bhellum, B.L. (2012). Flora exotica of Jammu and Kashmir (List- I) Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 36: 33-45.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 90-106: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
  • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1996). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 10: 1-426. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
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  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Estrada Chavarría, A. (2009). Flores de pasión de Costa Rica: historia natural e identificación: 1-448. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, Costa Rica.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2015). Flora of North America North of Mexico 6: 1-468. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
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  • Kiew, R. & al. (eds.) (2018). Flora of peninsular Malaysia. Series II: Seed Plants. volume 7 Malayan Forest Records 49: 1-321.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
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Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (1982). Flora of Australia 8: 1-420. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Araújo, D. & Alves, M. (2010). Climbing plants of a fragmented area of lowland Atlantic forest, Igarassu, Pernambuco (northeastern Brazil) Phytotaxa 8: 1-24.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Bhellum, B.L. (2012). Flora exotica of Jammu and Kashmir (List- I) Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 36: 33-45.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 90-106: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
  • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1996). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 10: 1-426. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Estrada Chavarría, A. (2009). Flores de pasión de Costa Rica: historia natural e identificación: 1-448. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, Costa Rica.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2015). Flora of North America North of Mexico 6: 1-468. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • GBIF (2008-2020). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Islas-Hernández, C.S. & al. (2018). Flora de Guerrero 81: 1-92. Facultade de Ciencias, UNAM.
  • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Kiew, R. & al. (eds.) (2018). Flora of peninsular Malaysia. Series II: Seed Plants. volume 7 Malayan Forest Records 49: 1-321.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
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