Vanilla Plum. ex Mill.

First published in Gard. Dict. Abr., ed. 4.: [s.p.] (1754), nom. cons. prop.
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropics & Subtropics.


Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Caroline Is., Chagos Archipelago, Cook Is., Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Niue, Réunion, Society Is., Tonga, Tuamotu


Heterotypic Synonyms


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2003). Genera Orchidacearum 3: 1-358. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Soto Arenas, M.A. & Cribb, P. (2010). A new infrageneric classification and synopsis of the genus Vanilla Plum. ex Mill. (Orchidaceae: Vanillinae). Lankesteriana 9: 355-398.
  • Soto Arenas, M.A. & Dressler, R.L. (2010). A revision of the Mexican and Central American species of Vanilla Plumier ex Miller with a characterization of their ITS region of the nuclear ribosomal DNA. Lankesteriana 9: 283-354.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 176.
  • Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gard. Dict., abr. ed. 4 (1754).
  • Rolfe in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 439–478 (1896).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754)
  • Rolfe in J.L.S. 32: 439–478 (1896)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1998 Beaman, J.H. [11494a] Malaysia K:SPC-64246.000 No
Jan 1, 1971 Irwin, H.S.; Onishi, E.; Fonseca, S.F.; Souza, R.; Santos, R.R.; Ramos, J. [26210] Brazil K000940261 Yes
Jan 1, 1970 Prance, G.T.; Coelho, D.F.; Ramos, J.F.; Farias, L.G. [7955] Brazil K000940265 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7401] Malaysia K001127291 Unknown Type Material Yes
Zapfack, L. [510] Cameroon K001394810 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7402] Singapore K001127293 Unknown Type Material Yes
K:SPC-19559.000 No
Rombouts, H.E. [804] Suriname K000395964 Yes
Chase, N.C. [4307] Zimbabwe K:SPC-29047.016 No
Jeffrey, C. [375] Seychelles K:SPC-22733.000 No
K:SPC-29047.814 No
Glaziou [s.n.] Brazil K000940260 Yes
Greenway, P.J. [10,818] Kenya K:SPC-29157.000 No
Bosser, J. [18.187] Madagascar K000986909 Isotype Yes
Du Puy, B.; Du Puy, D.; Raharilala, J. [MB386] Madagascar K:SPC-72590.000 No
Lanjouw, J.; Lindeman, J.C. [2074] Suriname K000395974 Yes
Rybkova et al [2013.00920] Vietnam K:SPC-66814.000 Holotype No
Wong, K.M.; Postar, M. [WKM 2656] Malaysia K000395533 Yes
Bissiengou, P. [401] Gabon K001322209 Yes
Tsi, Z.H.; Luo, B.Y.; Cribb, P.J. [ASBK 37] China K:SPC-60115.000 No
Faden, R.B. [66204] Kenya K:SPC-33320.000 No
Glaziou, A.F.M. [14302] Brazil K000940259 Yes
K:SPC-45494.000 No
Glaziou, A.F.M. [11621] Brazil K000463751 Unknown Type Material Yes
Stevens, P.F. [951] Papua New Guinea K001392216 Yes
Folli, D.A. [1724] Brazil K000940267 Yes
Kulip, J., et al. [124888] Malaysia K000395542 Yes
Motar, A. [S. 56125] Brunei K001392270 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7402] Singapore K001127292 Unknown Type Material Yes
Habayeb, N.; Robertson, S. [3199] Seychelles K:SPC-45383.000 No
Tanzania K:SPC-29265.000 No
K:SPC-18962.000 No
Walter, B.M.T.; Coelho, P.J.A.; Werneck, W.L.; Cunha, L.H.S. [405] Brazil K000847208 Yes
Dusén, P. [16125] Brazil K000940266 Yes
Eggeling, W.J. [5858] Uganda K:SPC-07193.000 No
India K:SPC-62330.000 No
Fournier, M. [J.28265] Madagascar K:SPC-30429.000 No
Turner, N. [EAH.13167] K:SPC-29163.000 No
Greenway, P.J. [EAH 13938] Tanzania K:SPC-32440.000 No
Hermans, J.; Hermans, C. [21/1] Madagascar K:SPC-72624.000 No


  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.