Vanilla Plum. ex Mill.

First published in Gard. Dict. Abr., ed. 4.: [s.p.] (1754)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropics & Subtropics.


Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Caroline Is., Chagos Archipelago, Cook Is., Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Niue, Réunion, Society Is., Tonga, Tuamotu


Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2003). Genera Orchidacearum 3: 1-358. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Soto Arenas, M.A. & Cribb, P. (2010). A new infrageneric classification and synopsis of the genus Vanilla Plum. ex Mill. (Orchidaceae: Vanillinae). Lankesteriana 9: 355-398.
  • Soto Arenas, M.A. & Dressler, R.L. (2010). A revision of the Mexican and Central American species of Vanilla Plumier ex Miller with a characterization of their ITS region of the nuclear ribosomal DNA. Lankesteriana 9: 283-354.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 176.
  • Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gard. Dict., abr. ed. 4 (1754).
  • Rolfe in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 439–478 (1896).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754)
  • Rolfe in J.L.S. 32: 439–478 (1896)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1970 Prance, G.T. [7955], Brazil K000940265 Yes
Chase, N.C. [4307], Zimbabwe 29047.016 No
Greenway, P.J. [EAH 13938], Tanzania 32440.000 No
Tsi, Z.H. [ASBK 37], China 60115.000 No
Du Puy, B. [MB386], Madagascar 72590.000 No
Hermans, J. [21/1], Madagascar 72624.000 No
Dusén, P. [16125], Brazil K000940266 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7401], Malaysia K001127291 Yes
Wong, K.M. [WKM 2656], Sabah K000395533 No
Walter, B.M.T. [405], Brazil K000847208 Yes
Rombouts, H.E. [804], Suriname K000395964 No
Folli, D.A. [1724], Brazil K000940267 Yes


  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.