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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Assam to Pacific.

[A-EM]
Distribution

Trachoma is a genus of 14 species collectively distributed in India, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, and Indochina, eastward through Indonesia to the Philippines, New Guinea, Australia, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji, Niue, Cook Islands, and Austral Islands (including Rapa).

Ecology

Species are epiphytes in forests at 0–1800 m.

General Description

Epiphytic herbs. Stem leafy. Leaves coriaceous, linear-falcate, distichous. Inflorescence axillary, racemose, rachis distinctly fleshy, few-flowered, flowers borne in small clusters throughout the year. Flowers resupinate, ephemeral. Sepals and petals free, spreading. Sepals slightly longer than petals, similar in shape. Labellum rigidly attached to base of column, laterally compressed, calceoliform, slightly spurred or saccate, interior ecallose, tuberculose or pulvinate-thickened in front. Column lacking a foot; pollinia two, globose, entire or obscurely sulcate, stipe linear, viscidium distinct; stigma suborbicular; rostellum erect, bifid after removal of pollinarium.

[A-EM]
Use

No uses have been reported for Trachoma, but several species are cultivated.

Native to:

Assam, Borneo, Cook Is., Fiji, Jawa, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Niue, Philippines, Queensland, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Tubuai Is., Vanuatu, Vietnam

Trachoma Garay appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Lamb, A., Malaysia 49331.000

First published in Bot. Mus. Leafl. 23: 207 (1972)

Accepted by

  • Chase, M.W., Cameron, K.M., Freudenstein, J.V., Pridgeon, A.M., Salazar, G., van den Berg, C. & Schuiteman, A. (2015). An updated classification of Orchidaceae Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 117: 151-174.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2014). Genera Orchidacearum 6: 1-544. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

Not accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Tuberolabium.]

Aeridinae: e-monocot.org
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0