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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Dwarf monopodial epiphytic herbs
Morphology Stem
Stems elongate, leafy throughout length; roots emitted along length of stem opposite the leaves
Morphology Leaves
Leaves distichous, conduplicate, twisted at the base to lie in one plane and articulated to persistent sheathing leaf-bases
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, 1–several from the upper nodes, few-flowered
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers very small
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals connate in their basal halves, free above, subsimilar
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip free, concave, enclosing the column at its base, spurred; spur with a broad mouth
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column very short, fleshy; rostellum anchor-shaped, fleshy, pendent; pollinia 2, globose; stipites very short; viscidia 2.

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix & P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:2. 1998

Morphology General Habit
Small epiphytic or lithophytic monopodial herbs with slender roots.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves distichous, twisted at the base to lie in one plane, articulated at the base to persistent, imbricate leaf sheaths.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences racemose, laxly few- to many-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small to medium-sized, translucent, white, greenish or straw-orange in colour.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals and petals free, lip entire, ecallose, spurred at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column terete; rostellum short, 3-lobed, the mid-lobe slightly longer than the side lobes, pendent; pollinia 2, subglobose; stipites 2, linear; viscidia 2, very small.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Small epiphytic or lithophytic monopodial herbs; roots slender, branching, shortly puberulent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves distichous, relatively thin-textured, twisted at the base to lie in one plane, articulated at the base to imbricate leaf-bases
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1–many, laxly few–many-flowered, racemose; bracts free
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, not opening widely, somewhat translucent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals free
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Dorsal sepal shorter than and distinctly shaped from the laterals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals smaller than the sepals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip entire, ecallose, spurred at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column terete; rostellum short, 3-lobed, mid-lobe slightly longer than the side lobes, pendent; anther-cap hemispherical, truncate in front; pollinia 2, subglobose; stipites 2, linear; viscidia 2, very small.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Small monopodial, epiphytic herbs with short stems covered in persistent leaf-bases
Morphology Leaves
Leaves distichous, coriaceous, ± falcate, linear or narrowly oblanceolate, unequally bilobed at the apex, twisted at the base to lie in one plane, articulated at the base to a persistent sheathing leaf-base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences spreading, racemose, few-flowered, axillary, emerging through the leaf-bases; peduncle and rhachis slender, terete, wiry
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers campanulate, white to yellow or pale green
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals free; dorsal sepal concave; lateral sepals falcate, concave
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals elliptic or subcircular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip concave, entire, lacking a callus, spurred at the base; spur clavate to globose, with a narrow mouth
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column short, fleshy, sometimes with an obscure short foot; stigma concave, with a raised posterior margin; rostellum 3-lobed, thin-textured, mid-lobe longer than the lateral lobes; pollinia 2, globose; stipites 2, linear; viscidia 2, circular or elliptic.

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Rhipidoglossum Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Feb 1, 2009 Simo, P. [271], Cameroon K000581188
Milne-Redhead, E. [20], Tanzania Sarcorhynchus 36665.000

First published in Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 36(2): 80 (1918)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2014). Genera Orchidacearum 6: 1-544. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0