Masdevallia Ruiz & Pav.

First published in Fl. Peruv. Prodr.: 122 (1794)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Mexico to S. Tropical America.


Native to:

Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela


Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species


Kew's Tree of Life Explorer

Discover the flowering plant tree of life and the genomic data used to build it.

View the Tree of Life

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Dodson, C.H. & Luer, C.A. (2009). Orchidaceae Masdevallia and Affiliates. Flora of Ecuador 225(9): 1-395. Botanical Institute, University of Göteborg, Riksmuseum, Stockholm.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2006). Epidendroideae (Part One). Genera Orchidacearum 4: 1-672. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 26, 2010 s.coll. [s.n.] K:SPC-76209.000 No
Jun 29, 2006 K:SPC-74600.000 No
Jan 20, 2003 s.coll. [s.n.] Ecuador K:SPC-71030.000 No
Nov 14, 2002 Ecuador K:SPC-62622.000 No
Nov 14, 2002 Ecuador K:SPC-62627.000 No
Nov 30, 2001 Chase [17926] K:SPC-72120.000 No
Apr 1, 1994 Schomburgk [1026] Guyana K000077720 Isotype Yes
Apr 1, 1994 Schomburgk [1026] Guyana K000077719 Type Yes
Sep 1, 1987 B.W. [6386] Suriname K000395965 Yes
Jan 1, 1981 Meza Torres, J. [80] Peru K000077759 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1924 Lehmann, F., C. [7269] Colombia K000077837 Type Yes
K:SPC-02973.000 No
K:SPC-42210.000 No
Peru K:SPC-71011.000 No
Koniger [K4] Brazil K:SPC-39600.000 No
K:SPC-62191.000 No
K:SPC-19614.000 No
Peru K:SPC-70081.000 No
Bolivia K:SPC-59742.000 No
Meza Torres, J. Peru K:SPC-45391.000 Isotype No
K:SPC-20501.000 No
Pozo, A. [WK-24] Ecuador K000077886 Isotype Yes
Menato, D. [s.n.] Bolivia K000077854 Type Yes
Taylor, P. [13232] Panama K:SPC-41624.000 No
Costa Rica K000077715 Type Yes
Spruce, R. [3369] Venezuela K000077867 Type Yes
Bolivia K:SPC-44177.000 No
Mason, L.M. [1766] Peru K:SPC-28626.000 No
Königer, W.; Königer, H.; Würstle, B.; Lopez Tula, E. [K8] Peru K000077788 Isotype Yes
K:SPC-51029.000 No
Koniger [K3] Brazil K:SPC-39609.000 No
Jenny, R. [MT -83] Peru K:SPC-41250.000 Isotype No
K:SPC-42207.000 No
Mason, L.M. [1762] Peru K:SPC-28622.000 No
Chase, M.W.C. [15683] Ecuador K:SPC-70927.000 No
Chase, M.W.C. [14824] Peru K:SPC-70887.000 No
Sander [K74] Peru K:SPC-37370.000 No
Meza Torres, J. Peru K:SPC-45393.000 Isotype No
K:SPC-21368.000 No
Koniger [K1] Brazil K:SPC-39602.000 No
Costa Rica K:SPC-24626.000 No
Jenny, R. [MA 32D] Colombia K:SPC-39562.000 No
Arias Silva, M.G. [A26] Peru K000077790 Type Yes
Chase, M.W.C. [15696] Ecuador K:SPC-70925.000 No
Taylor, P. [13231] Panama K:SPC-41616.000 No
K000077858 Type Yes
Taylor, P. [16345] Ecuador K:SPC-41539.000 No
Meza Torres, J. [s.n.] Peru K000077865 Isotype Yes
Arias Silva, M. [A26] Peru K:SPC-45764.000 Isotype No
Chase [17006] K:SPC-72028.000 No
Escobar, R. [2514] Bolivia K000077853 Type Yes
Koniger, H.; Koniger, W.; Wurstle, B.; Meza Torres, J. [K 3 j] Peru K000077816 Type Yes
Koniger, H.; Wurstle, B.; Koniger, W.; Meza Torres, J. [K-3-b] Peru K000077763 Type Yes
Ecuador K:SPC-71014.000 No
Peru K:SPC-62252.000 No
K000077879 Isotype Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Ecuador K:SPC-71029.000 No
K:SPC-44838.000 No
K000077862 Unknown Type Material Yes
Koniger, H.; Koniger, W.; Arias, M. [K-30a] Peru K000077877 Isotype Yes
Escobar, R. [2522] Ecuador K000077786 Type Yes
Koniger, H.; Koniger, W.; Almenara, R. [K 29 a] Peru K000077760 Type Yes
Costa Rica K:SPC-18637.000 No
Horn, P.; Horn, R.; Heider, H. [s.n.] Bolivia K000077892 Type Yes
Mason, L.M. [2619] Peru K:SPC-32723.000 No
Colombia K:SPC-55414.000 No
K:SPC-28699.000 No
Pozo, A. [s.n.] Ecuador K000077887 Type Yes
Hermans [4421] K:SPC-62421.000 No
Koeniger, W. Peru K:SPC-40477.000 Isotype No
Koeniger, W. Peru K:SPC-40484.000 Isotype No
K:SPC-57885.000 No
K:SPC-51014.000 No
Horn, P; Horn, R [s.n.] Bolivia K000077882 Unknown Type Material Yes
Königer, H.; Königer, W.; Meza Torres, J. [K - 21c] Peru K000077856 Isotype Yes
Colombia K:SPC-50785.000 No
Koniger, H.; Koniger, W.; Luer, C.; Luer, J.; Arias, M. [K - 50e] Peru K000077889 Type Yes
Manning, S. [950807] Ecuador K:SPC-62178.000 No
Colombia K:SPC-56683.000 No
Horn, P.; Horn, R. [s.n.] Bolivia K000077881 Type Yes
Arias Silva, M.G. [A-401 a] Peru K000077874 Isotype Yes
K:SPC-64062.000 No
Lancaster, C.H. Costa Rica K:SPC-27525.000 No
Meza Torres, J. [s.n.] Peru K000077799 Type Yes
Costa Rica K:SPC-20510.000 No
K:SPC-18666.000 No
Lehmann [B.J. 176] Colombia K000078977 Yes
K:SPC-41802.000 No
K:SPC-44815.000 No
K:SPC-64067.000 No
Schmidt-Mumm, H. Colombia K:SPC-26517.000 No
K:SPC-20509.000 No
K000077860 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mason, L.M. [34] Peru K:SPC-37235.000 No
Lehmann, F., C. [5145] Colombia K000077873 Yes
Ecuador K:SPC-71015.000 No
Manning, S. [011012] K:SPC-62180.000 No
Ecuador K:SPC-57888.000 No
Jenny, R. Ecuador K:SPC-40743.000 No
K:SPC-09579.000 No
Chase [18410] K:SPC-73023.000 No
Peru K:SPC-41506.000 No
K:SPC-19608.000 No
Taylor, P. [16297] Ecuador K:SPC-41586.000 No
Jansen-Jacobs, M.J., et al. [6424] Suriname K000718162 Yes
[MA K2] Ecuador K:SPC-39593.000 No
K000077859 Unknown Type Material Yes
Ecuador K:SPC-52175.000 No
Torres, J. Peru K:SPC-45373.000 Isotype No
[s.n] Costa Rica K000077891 Type Yes
Porter, C. [155] Ecuador K:SPC-47488.000 No
K:SPC-64059.000 No
Costa Rica K:SPC-18624.000 No
Ecuador K:SPC-52228.000 No
K:SPC-21360.000 No
Lehmann [H.K.339] K000078979 Yes
Koniger, H.; Koniger, W.; Meza Torres, J. [K - 21d] Peru K000077888 Type Yes
Wurstle, B.; Meza Torres, J.; Koniger, H.; Koniger, W. [W 4b] Peru K000077802 Isotype Yes
K:SPC-19615.000 No
Chase, M.W.C. [14825] Ecuador K:SPC-70884.000 No
Panama K:SPC-57873.000 No
Meza Torres, J. [s.n.] Peru K000077791 Type Yes
Ecuador K:SPC-62245.000 No
Mason, L.M. [2024] Peru K:SPC-29317.000 No
K000077861 Unknown Type Material Yes
Allessandro, D.D. [095] Ecuador K:SPC-47666.000 No
Colombia K:SPC-49367.000 No
Dressler, R.L. [8] Panama K:SPC-37851.000 No
Königer, H.; Königer, W.; Meza Torres, J. [K 20 b] Peru K000077762 Type Yes
Colombia K000077844 Holotype Yes
K:SPC-61857.000 No
Torres, M. Peru K:SPC-41507.000 Isotype No
Peru K:SPC-41514.000 Isotype No
Koeniger, W. Peru K:SPC-40479.000 Isotype No
Peru K:SPC-30736.000 No
Porteous, D. Colombia K:SPC-50294.000 No
Colombia K:SPC-50290.000 No
Peru K:SPC-71571.000 No
[960803] Bolivia K:SPC-62296.000 No
K:SPC-44771.000 No
Koniger [K2] Brazil K:SPC-39603.000 No
K:SPC-50695.000 No
Escobar, R. [2526] Bolivia K000077782 Type Yes
Lehmann, F.C. [7008] Ecuador K000077732 Type Yes
K:SPC-49987.000 No
K:SPC-51061.000 No
Chase, M.W.C. [84720] Venezuela K:SPC-75687.000 No
Rodriguez, L. Peru K:SPC-41505.000 Isotype No
Koniger, H.; Koniger, W.; Almenara, R. [K 29a] Peru K:SPC-45763.000 Isotype No
K:SPC-61833.000 No
K:SPC-56703.000 No
Costa Rica K000077716 Unknown Type Material Yes
K:SPC-12900.000 No
Manning, S. [920812] K:SPC-71185.000 No
Chase, M.W.C. [15682] K:SPC-71311.000 No
Colombia K:SPC-61658.000 No
K:SPC-44820.000 No
Peru K:SPC-56719.000 No
Jenny, R. [MA-57S] Colombia K:SPC-39591.000 No
K:SPC-51734.000 No
[s.n.] Costa Rica K000077890 Unknown Type Material Yes
Costa Rica K000077717 Unknown Type Material Yes
Ecuador K:SPC-56687.000 No
Wurstle, B.; Königer, W.; Königer, H.; Meza Torres, J. [W-4-a] Peru K000077789 Type Yes
Chase, M.W. [84412B] K:SPC-75442.000 No
Königer, H.; Königer, W.; Würstle, B.; Meza Torres, J. [K - 3e] Peru K000077885 Type Yes
Peru K:SPC-26126.000 No
Chase [18407] K:SPC-73016.000 No
K:SPC-61850.000 No
Ecuador K:SPC-56686.000 No
K:SPC-20515.000 No
Koniger, H.; Koniger, W. [K - 31a] Peru K000077883 Type Yes
s.coll. [WK-1] K000077878 Type Yes
K:SPC-38659.000 No
Heider, H.; Horn, P.; Horn, R. [s.n.] Bolivia K000077880 Type Yes
Ecuador K:SPC-71018.000 No
Lehmann, F., C. [10020] Ecuador K000077831 Holotype Yes
Meza Torres, J. Peru K:SPC-45392.000 Isotype No
Chase [16970] K:SPC-72034.000 No
Linder Panama K:SPC-51858.000 No
Würstle, B.; Meza Torres, J.; Koniger, H.; Koniger, W. [w 7a] Peru K000077801 Isotype Yes


  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.