Taraxacum sect. Taraxacum F.H.Wigg.

This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Macaronesia, Europe to Siberia, NW. Africa. It is a perennial and grows primarily in the temperate biome. It is used as animal food, a medicine and invertebrate food and for food.

Distribution

Native to:

Albania, Altay, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Canary Is., Central European Russia, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Madeira, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sicilia, South European Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Ukraine, West Siberia, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Bahamas, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, California, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile South, China North-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Falkland Is., Florida, Free State, Georgia, Greenland, Haiti, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kerguelen, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Lesotho, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maine, Malaya, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Northwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Namibia, Nebraska, Nepal, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Prince Edward I., Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South Georgia, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Tuamotu, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yukon, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Aver'ianov, L.V. & al. (2006). Illyustrirovannyi opredelitel' rastenii Leningradskoi oblasti: 1-799. Nauka, Moskva.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2006). Flora of North America North of Mexico 19: 1-579. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • GCC (2011). Global Compositae Checklist http://compositae.landcareresearch.co.nz/.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Kirschner, J. & al. (2020). The Taraxacum Flora of Ladakh, with notes on the adjacent regions of the West Himalaya. Phytotaxa 457: 1-408.
  • Mao, A.A., Sinha, B.K., Verma, D. & Sarma, N. (2016). Check-List of Flora of Meghalaya: 1-273. Meghalaya Biodiversity Board, Shillong.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

An alternative taxonomy had been proposed by the following authorities:

  • von Raab-Straube, E. (ed.) (2011). Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase. The Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/query.asp. [Cited as Taraxacum campylodes.]

Kew Species Profiles

  • Clapham, A. R., Tutin, T. G. & Moore, D. M. (1987). Flora of the British Isles. 3rd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Mabberley, D. J. (2008). Mabberley’s Plant-book. A Portable Dictionary of Plants, their Classification and Uses. 3rd Ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Mabey, R. (1996). Flora Britannica. Sinclair-Stevenson, London.
  • National Biodiversity Network Species Dictionary (Feb 2003)
  • New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research Ltd. Taraxacum officinale. (Feb 2003).
  • Press, B. & Gibbons, B (1993). Photographic Field Guide to Wild Flowers of Britain and Europe. New Holland Publishers (UK) Ltd, London.
  • Preston, C. D., Pearman, D. A. & Dines, T. D. (2002). The New Atlas of the British and Irish Flora. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2013). https://protect-eu.mimecast.com/s/V38fC5Rg7SM7AW8CzfGZW. epublication.
  • (2020). https://www.jstor.org/stable/26958715. epublication.
  • Florence, J., Waldren, S. & Chepstow-Lusty, A.J. (1995). The flora of the Pitcairn islands: a review. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 56: 79-119.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2020). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 4(1): 1-904. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Kiew, R. & al. (eds.) (2021). Malayan Forest Records 49: 1-403.
  • Liogier, A.H. (1996). Flora de la Española 8: 1-588. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.
  • Mao, A.A., Sinha, B.K., Verma, D. & Sarma, N. (2016). Check-List of Flora of Meghalaya: 1-273. Meghalaya Biodiversity Board, Shillong.
  • Nikolin, E.G. (2020). Opredelitel' vysshikh rasteniy Yakutii: 1-895. Moskva : Tovarishchestvo Nauchnykh Izdaniy KMK Novosibirsk "Nauka".
  • St. John, H. (1988). Census of the Flora of the Gambier islands, Polynesia. Pacific Plant Studies 43: 1-34.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • Garcia, H. (1992). Flora Medicinal de Colombia. Botánica Médica. Segunda Edición. Tercer Mundo Editores. Tomo III.
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Jansen, P., Lemmens, R., Oyen, L., Siemonsma, J., Stavast, F. & Van Valkenburg, J. (1991) Plant Resources of South-East Asia. Basic list of species and commodity grouping. Final version. Pudoc, Wageningen.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Trevelyan, W.C. [40] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695240 Yes
Taraxacum officinale K:SPC-70000.546 No
Bowles, E.A. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695171 Yes
J.D.M. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695161 Yes
Cope, T.A. [RBG 317] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K000914430 Yes
Feur, A. [s.n.] Austria Taraxacum officinale K002695255 Yes
Britton, C.E. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695228 Yes
Horwood, A.R. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695213 Yes
Cope, T.A. [RBG 316] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K000914431 Yes
Turrill, W.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695198 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Taraxacum officinale K002695226 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Taraxacum officinale K002695223 Yes
Hubbard, C.E.; Turrill, W.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695186 Yes
Neal, E.G. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695166 Yes
Turrill, W.B. [s.n.] Taraxacum officinale K002695218 Yes
Turrill, W.B. [23] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695199 Yes
Jalisburg, E.L. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695210 Yes
Cope, T.A. [RBG 320] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K000914429 Yes
Turrill, W.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695195 Yes
Turrill, W.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695190 Yes
Turrill, W.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695168 Yes
Ganderf [s.n.] Austria Taraxacum officinale K002695254 Yes
United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K:SPC-70000.353 No
Ross-Craig, S.; Sealy, J.R.; Burtt, B.L. [858] Ireland Taraxacum officinale K002695247 Yes
Burman, A.E. [6] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695163 Yes
Hubbard, C.E.; Turrill, W.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695193 Yes
Turrill, W.B. [234] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695206 Yes
Edmonds [67] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695183 Yes
Horwood, A.R. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695176 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Norway Taraxacum officinale K002695289 No
Turrill, W.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695204 Yes
Hubbard, C.E.; Turrill, W.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695191 Yes
Selland, S.K. [s.n.] Norway Taraxacum officinale K002695288 No
Hubbard, C.E.; Turrill, W.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695192 Yes
Jordan, A. [s.n.] France Taraxacum officinale K002695265 Yes
Eggeling, W.J. [E 7073] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695243 Yes
Johnston, H.H. [2911] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695241 Yes
Dallimore, W. [s.n.] Taraxacum officinale K002695217 Yes
Horwood, A.R. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695215 Yes
[aufoerdorfer] [s.n.] Austria Taraxacum officinale K002695253 Yes
{ipse} [7248] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695201 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Taraxacum officinale K002695220 Yes
Jackson, A.B.; Jackson, A.K. [138] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695250 Yes
Horwood, A.R. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695172 Yes
Songeon, A.; [A. Déséglise] [s.n.] France Taraxacum officinale K002695266 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Taraxacum officinale K002695219 Yes
Milne-Redhead, R. [356] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695214 Yes
Hubbard, C.E.; Turrill, W.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695187 Yes
Gilliat-Smith, B. [3263] Bosnia and Herzegovina Taraxacum officinale K002695264 Yes
Nijs, D.; Sterk; Kreune [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695160 Yes
Horwood, A.R. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695174 Yes
Parker; Cubitt, M. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695184 Yes
Ballard, F.; Golby, E.A. [329] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695249 Yes
Hubbard, C.E.; Turrill, W.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695188 Yes
Last, G.V.C. [423] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695237 Yes
Burgess, J.; Horwood, A.R. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695234 Yes
Maly, K. [s.n.] Bosnia and Herzegovina Taraxacum officinale K002695263 Yes
Piffard, B. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695173 Yes
Turrill, W.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695205 Yes
Horwood, A.R. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695216 Yes
Turrill, W.B.; Jackson, A.K. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695212 Yes
[A. Uisiglise] [s.n.] France Taraxacum officinale K002695268 Yes
Turrill, W.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695207 Yes
Maly, K. [s.n.] Bosnia and Herzegovina Taraxacum officinale K002695261 Yes
[Palop] [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695200 Yes
Vine, R.S. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695159 No
Eggeling, W.J. [E. 7072] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695242 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] France Taraxacum officinale K002695267 Yes
Cope, T.A. [RBG 320] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K000914428 Yes
Milne-Redhead, G.; Airy Shaw, H.K. [1524] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695232 Yes
John [Dweris] [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695209 Yes
Turrill, W.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695197 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [Z. 47] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695179 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Taraxacum officinale K002695227 Yes
Nijs, D.; Sterk [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695164 Yes
Gregor, A.G. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695229 Yes
Hubbard, C.E.; Turrill, W.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695189 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Taraxacum officinale K002695225 Yes
s.coll. [7248] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K001730575 Yes
Turrill, W.B. [4383] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695194 Yes
Britton, C.E.; Druce, G.C. [I649] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695185 Yes
Cope, T.A. [RBG 336] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K000914427 Yes
Marquand, C.V.B.; Sprague, T.A. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695170 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Taraxacum officinale K002695236 Yes
Maly, K. [s.n.] Bosnia and Herzegovina Taraxacum officinale K002695262 Yes
Ballard, F.; Golby, E.A. [329] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695251 Yes
Horwood, A.R. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695177 Yes
Horwood, A.R. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695178 Yes
Dennis, R.W.G. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695239 Yes
Turrill, W.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695202 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695162 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Taraxacum officinale K002695222 Yes
W. Smith [of Arbroath, Scotland] [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695238 Yes
Spencer A. [Woolward] [H1192] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695167 Yes
Summerhayes, V.S. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695208 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Taraxacum officinale K002695221 Yes
Taylor, J.M. [H 450/44] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695233 Yes
[D. Sarills] [19] Ireland Taraxacum officinale K002695246 Yes
Gratz [s.n.] Austria Taraxacum officinale K002695256 Yes
Taylor, J.M. [H 450/44] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695235 Yes
Turrill, W.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695196 Yes
s.coll. [595] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695182 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [Z. 47] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695181 Yes
Turrill, W.B. [234] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695203 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Taraxacum officinale K002695224 Yes
Clarke, C.B. [49812 C] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695169 Yes
Ross-Craig, S.; Sealy, J.R.; Burtt, B.L. [858] Ireland Taraxacum officinale K002695248 Yes
Maly, K. [s.n.] Bosnia and Herzegovina Taraxacum officinale K002695260 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [Z. 47] United Kingdom Taraxacum officinale K002695180 Yes
Béguinot, A.; Fiori, Adr. [s.n.] Italy Taraxacum vulgare K002695284 No
Trevor-Battye, A. [s.n.] Svalbard Taraxacum vulgare K002695292 No
Julin [s.n.] Norway Taraxacum vulgare K002695293 No
Sandwith, N.Y. [3683] France Taraxacum vulgare K002695271 Yes
Weiss, F.E. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum vulgare K000808374 Unknown Type Material Yes
Moller, A. [284] Portugal Taraxacum vulgare K002695297 No
[Areelaus] [s.n.] Netherlands Taraxacum vulgare K002695281 No
{Th. Delacour; Legron, G.} [s.n.] France Taraxacum vulgare K002695278 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Ukraine Taraxacum vulgare K002695304 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Italy Taraxacum vulgare K002695286 No
Julin [s.n.] Norway Taraxacum vulgare K002695294 No
Schultz Bipontinus, C.H. [s.n.] Germany Taraxacum vulgare K002695280 No
s.coll. [358] Russia Taraxacum vulgare K002695300 No
s.coll. [s.n.] France Taraxacum vulgare K002695274 Yes
Brummitt, R.K.; Brummit, H. [6165] Italy Taraxacum vulgare K002695282 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Russia Taraxacum vulgare K002695301 No
Willmott, E.A.; Bonnet, E. [s.n.] France Taraxacum vulgare K002695272 Yes
Joad, G.C. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum vulgare K002695230 Yes
s.coll. [[1833]] France Taraxacum vulgare K002695275 Yes
[Z. T. Devis leo] [s.n.] France Taraxacum vulgare K002695277 Yes
Thompson, F.P. [45] Montenegro Taraxacum vulgare K002695287 No
Borza, A. [s.n.] Romania Taraxacum vulgare K002695299 No
s.coll. [s.n.] France Taraxacum vulgare K002695276 Yes
Dybowski, W. [359] Lithuania Taraxacum vulgare K002695295 No
Gandoger, M. [44] Spain Taraxacum vulgare K002695303 No
Woloszczak [204] Austria Taraxacum vulgare K002695258 Yes
Weiss, F.E. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum vulgare K000808375 Unknown Type Material Yes
Collett, R. [s.n.] Norway Taraxacum vulgare K002695290 No
Weiss, F.E. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum vulgare K000808373 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom Taraxacum vulgare K002695165 Yes
Willmott, E.A.; Pin, C. [s.n.] France Taraxacum vulgare K002695273 Yes
Slavonovsky, F. [s.n.] Slovakia Taraxacum vulgare K002695302 No
Brenan, J.P.M. [1853] United Kingdom Taraxacum vulgare K002695175 Yes
[Jesope Neopolien] [40] Italy Taraxacum vulgare K002695285 No
Prodan, I. [s.n.] Romania Taraxacum vulgare K002695298 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Italy Taraxacum vulgare K002695283 No
Bredemann, G.; Nieser, O. [43] Taraxacum vulgare K002695279 No
Jordan [s.n.] France Taraxacum vulgare K002695270 Yes
Gremblich, P.J. [1798] Austria Taraxacum vulgare K002695257 Yes
Collett, R. [s.n.] Norway Taraxacum vulgare K002695291 No
Pawlowski, B. [s.n.] Poland Taraxacum vulgare K002695296 No
Joad, G.C. [s.n.] Taraxacum vulgare K002695231 Yes
Day, C.D. [77] Turkey Taraxacum dens-leonis K000341627 No
Day, C.D. [170] Turkey Taraxacum dens-leonis K000341628 No

Sources

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    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
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    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
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    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Kew Species Profiles

    • Kew Species Profiles
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
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    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
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    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
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